The death toll from the earthquake that has devastated parts of Turkey and Syria exceeded 41,000 on Friday as the United Nations appealed for $1 billion to address a growing humanitarian crisis.
Eleven days after the quake — now one of the 10 deadliest in the past 100 years — Turkish rescuers pulled a 17-year-old girl and a woman in her 20s out of the rubble.
“She looked to be in good health. She opened and closed her eyes,” coal miner Ali Akdogan said after participating in the rescue of Aleyna Olmez in Kahramanmaras, a city near the quake’s epicentre.
But hopes of finding survivors have largely faded.
Many in the affected zones are facing a dire emergency as they try to pick up the pieces in freezing conditions, without food, water and toilets — raising the spectre of further disaster from diseases.
“The needs are enormous, people are suffering and there’s no time to lose,” said UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres in a statement, calling for funds to help the victims.
He said the contributions would provide humanitarian relief for three months to 5.2 million people.
The money would “allow aid organisations to rapidly scale up vital support,” including in the areas of food security, protection, education, water and shelter, he added.
“I urge the international community to step up and fully fund this critical effort in response to one of the biggest natural disasters of our times.”
Officials and medics said 38,044 people had died in Turkey and 3,688 in Syria from the 6 February tremor, bringing the confirmed total to 41,732.
The quake — in one of the world’s most active earthquake zones — hit populated areas as many were asleep in houses that had not been built to resist such powerful ground vibrations.
Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has pushed back hard against accusations that his government floundered in its response to the country’s deadliest natural disaster of modern times.
For every miraculous tale of survival, there are stories of dashed hopes of saving loved ones who slowly died in the rubble.
Hasan Irmak saw five family members — including his six-year-old daughter Belinda — buried under his flattened house in the Syrian border region town of Samandag.
“She was alive for two days,” the 57-year-old said of his daughter.
“I was talking to her in the ruins. Then she lost all her energy. On the third day, she was dead. Help arrived on the fourth.”
Turkey has suspended rescue operations in some regions, and the government in war-torn Syria has done the same in areas under its control.
The Red Cross on Thursday more than tripled its emergency funding appeal to over $700 million.
The situation in rebel-held northwest Syria is particularly dire, with aid slow to arrive in the region ravaged by years of conflict.
“There is no electricity, no water, no sanitation,” Abdelrahman Haji Ahmed told AFP in Jindayris on the Turkish border, his ruined former home behind him.
“The lives of all the families are tragic.”